The Swedish Research Council (U-forsk) has awarded the department a research grant to study the causes of peace. Botswana, Malawi and Zambia constitute a ‘Zone of Peace’ spared from violent conflict since independence. The project aims to explain why peace has prevailed in these countries, despite being located in the world’s most volatile continent and with all their neighbors struck by conflict. For more information, contact Kristine Höglund (project leader) or Johan Brosché.
After the international application round that just closed, the department's master programme received the most first-hand applicants of all master programmes offered at Uppsala University. See the official announcement for more details.
- We are of course proud to offer an attractive programme that brings brilliant students from around the world to Uppsala. At the same time, the international interest is partly what makes it such a high-quality programme. The diverse backgrounds of students bring interesting perspectives into the classroom and the students enjoy the international atmosphere, says Lisa Hultman, Director of Studies at the department.
For Swedish students interested in applying to the programme, the deadline is 15 April (see http://www.pcr.uu.se/education/master_programme/).
The Swedish Peace and Arbitration Society this year presents the association's most distinguished award, the Eldh-Ekblad Peace Prize, to Professor Peter Wallensteen. He is awarded the prize for his important work in disseminating insights about peaceful conflict resolution approaches and for his lifetime commitment to peace.
“It is a great honour to receive such a recognition. Peace research strives to be independent of the peace movement and at the same time contribute with insights and facts that are of use to it. It is valuable in our shared ambition for a more peaceful world.”
“As peace researchers we use scholarly methods to achieve reliable research results,” Wallensteen continues. “Of course we hope that our conclusions can be used for decisions that contribute to strengthen peaceful options, for example sanctions rather than armed threats; preventive action rather than confrontation and escalation; and not the least mediation rather than military action.”
The Prize consists of a diploma and a sum of around SEK 5000.
Wallensteen says: "I will give the prize money to the Peace House in Uppsala Castle to support its work on research dissemination. The Peace House makes an important contribution to the city of Uppsala, in an old fortress that now has been converted into a bastion for peace."
The Prize will be handed out in connection with the annual New Year's Concert in the University Grand Auditorium, where UN Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson will speak, and world renown singer Barbara Hendricks perform. At this event the Uppsala Akademiska Kammarkör conducted by musical director Stefan Parkman, traditionally performs.
For more information see the press release from the Swedish Peace and Arbitration Society (in Swedish).
The "Marianne and Marcus Wallenbergs Foundation" has awarded the Department with funding for a new project on unarmed conflicts. The project ”Battles without Bullets: Exploring The Outcomes of Unarmed Insurrections” seeks to make two contributions: 1) it will collect new global data on unarmed insurrections 1975-2013, building on the world-leading conflict database by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP); and 2) generate new knowledge on unarmed insurrection outcomes through examining the social ties between movement and state. For more information, please contact project leader Isak Svensson.
The Department of Peace and Conflict Research is happy to welcome Holly Guthrey who has just joined the Department as a Guest Researcher until February 2014 from the University of Otago in New Zealand. Holly recently submitted her PhD dissertation, which explored the impact of public truth-telling on victims of mass violence in Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste. Her research interests include transitional justice, human rights, reconciliation, conflict resolution, post-conflict peacebuilding as well as procedural and restorative justice.
Holly Guthrey is here as part of the STINT-funded cooperation program between the Department for Peace and Conflict Research, Otago University, New Zealand and the Department of Peace and Conflict Research in Uppsala.
Professor Håvard Hegre was installed as the new Dag Hammarskjöld Professor at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research on 15 November during the professors’ inauguration ceremony in the Uppsala University Grand Auditorium. The inaugural lecture was held the previous day and was titled “Poverty, Democracy, and Armed Conflict: May We Be Optimistic Concerning the Future?”.
Professor Håvard Hegre received his PhD in Political Science at the University of Oslo in 2004. Four years later he became Professor in Political Science at the same university. Shortly afterwards, he was appointed Research Professor at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO). His research interests include how democratic institutions can prevent armed conflict, and how the relations between institutions and incentives for the use of organized violence are contingent on socio-economic changes such as poverty reduction, economic diversification, and education. Håvard Hegre is an Associate Editor of Journal of Peace Research as well as a member of the Editorial Board of International Studies Review, Political Science Research and Methods, and Research and Politics.
- We are proud to have Håvard join the Department as the new Dag Hammarskjöld Professor, says Magnus Öberg, Head of the Department.
The Dag Hammarskjöld Chair of Peace and Conflict Research was the first at the Department, and its first holder, Professor Peter Wallensteen, was appointed in 1985. He retired from the Chair in 2012 and is Senior Professor since then. He was succeeded on 1 November by Professor Håvard Hegre.
On 13 November 2013, the General Conference of UNESCO has approved the proposal of the Government of Sweden for the establishment of a new UNESCO Category II Centre on International Water Cooperation. The Stockholm International Water Institute will host this first UNESCO Centre in Sweden in close partnership with the Department of Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University and School of Global Studies at Gothenburg University. The Centre will commence its activities from 1 January 2014, and it aims to focus on new and emerging challenges to water cooperation in identifying and promoting tools to address them, for the benefit of global peace and development. In tandem with the development of new research on water cooperation, significant efforts will be made into how the results can be put into concrete use by policy and decision-makers. Moreover, the UNESCO Centre also has a ground plan to establish an inter-disciplinary research school. For more information, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Last week (October 10-12) UCDP arranged a workshop on geography and armed conflict at Norrland Nation in Uppsala. Starting off with a panel of 5 different data collection projects 14 research papers were presented and discussed by the participants. The common denominator for the presentations was the use of geography in the analyses of armed conflict. The aim of the workshop was to give researchers an opportunity to discuss the challenges of methods and data collection, but also to create synergies between different research projects and data collection projects.
Katarina Engberg (Phd), Deputy Director General in the Swedish Ministry of Defence, has recently published the book The EU and Military Operations: A comparative analysis at Routledge. She has earned her PhD from DPCR.
This book is a comparative study which aims to answer the question: under what circumstances does the EU undertake military operations?
Since 2003, the EU has carried out six military operations. What accounts for this historic development? The EU and Military Operations examines the dynamics behind the EU´s collective use of force and situates the EU in the context of a global division of labour with regard to military crisis management. It centres on the study of two main cases of EU military operations: the non-case when an operation was planned in the Lebanon war 2006 but did not occur, and the positive case of EUFOR RD Congo that same year.
Drawing upon these findings, Engberg creates an innovative analytical framework based upon the techniques of defence planning, and applies this to the cases studies with the purpose of identifying the main driving and inhibiting factors behind the operations. Key findings derived from this analysis include the growing importance of local actors in facilitating or impeding the EU´s deployment of military force and the enhanced role of regional organisations as security providers.
The book will be of much interest to students of European security, EU politics, strategic studies, humanitarian intervention, security studies and IR in general.
On the picture, Professor Wallensteen is accompanied by UCDP project leaders Lotta Themnér, Stina Högbladh and Marcus Nilsson.
On August 30, 2013 Peter Wallensteen, UCDP Director, and Nils Petter Gleditsch, PRIO, were awarded the J. David Singer Data Innovation Award by the Conflict Processes Section of the American Political Science Association, APSA, the leading political science organization. The ceremony took place at the APSA annual convention in Chicago USA.
The reward was for the UCDP/PRIO armed conflict data set. Professor Scott Bennett of the award committee explained that as “the data include non-state actors and lower thresholds for fatalities, the Armed Conflict Data Set allows researchers to explore different thresholds for conflict which may be appropriate for particular questions. The data are well documented, with useful case histories. We also recognize the presentation of the data on the website and the tools provided by the projects to allow users of varying expertise levels to examine the data.“
When thanking, Professor Wallensteen said it was particularly moving to receive this award named after J. David Singer as he had strongly inspired UCDP and in general had been highly supportive of the peace research milieu in Uppsala.
Professor J. David Singer died in 2009 at the age 84, and was the founder of the seminal Correlates of War project at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. PRIO, the Peace Research Institute, Oslo, was represented at the ceremony by Professor Håvard Hegre.
In the photo: Nils Petter Gleditsch, Joshua S. Goldstein, Mats Hammarström, Magnus Öberg, Erika Forsberg, och Margit Bussmann
The Department congratulates the joint recipients of the 2013 Lewis Fry Richardson Lifetime Achievement Award, Professor Peter Wallensteen and Dr Mats Hammarström. The award was presented at the Conflict Research Society conference at the University of Essex on 19 September 2013.
Professor Wallensteen and Dr Hammarström were nominated “for their personal record in scholarly research but above all for their joint achievement in raising the Department of Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University to a world-class environment in teaching and research.” They are particularly praised for their mentorship of young scholars at the department, their work for Journal of Peace Research, and for the pioneering efforts in regard to the Uppsala Conflict Data Program.
The Lewis F. Richardson Lifetime Achievement Award honors a recipient who has made exemplary scholarly contributions to the scientific study of militarized conflict. It is given on a tri-annual basis to scholars who analyze international interactions systematically and rigorously and have spent most of their academic life in Europe. The award is supported by two Standing Groups of the European Consortium for Political Research.
On 2 September, 2013, former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan and present Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson, both Honorary Doctors of Uppsala University, where Eliasson also served repeatedly as Visiting Professor in our Department, participated in a public seminar in the Uppsala University Grand Auditorium. The two discussed the role of the UN, with their own experiences and today's challenges as a starting point. Questions from the audience included one from the Department's Ph.D. candidate Johan Brosché. The seminar was moderated by Senior Professor Peter Wallensteen of the Department. It draw a full house, i.e. 1800 students and another 3000 followed on the web. The seminar has been broadcast by the public television channel Kunskapskanalen. The seminar is now available online.
A group of MA-students on the way into the University Main Building to attend a seminar with Kofi Annan and Jan Eliasson
The fall semester has just begun and the new MA students started off the academic year by attending a seminar with Kofi Annan and Jan Eliasson on the future of the United Nations. For the next ten weeks, they will be enrolled in a course on the Causes of Armed Conflict. Our MA program in Peace and Conflict Studies has a strong international profile and attracts students from around the world. Through elective courses, the program provides an opportunity to obtain an individual profile by specializing in areas such as conflict resolution or security challenges. The program also prepares students for a future career as practitioners. Many of our second-year students are now doing internships with various international organizations, government agencies, NGOs, think tanks, and other relevant employers.
Our BA program in Peace and Development is one of the most popular programs at the university and the admission is highly competitive. The new students begin the program by taking the A-course in Peace and Conflict Studies together with 55 other Swedish and international students. The third-year program students are now taking a course in methods to prepare them for their BA theses later this semester.
We currently have a total of 325 students enrolled in our undergraduate and master courses, including an online undergraduate course. The department welcomes all new and old students to what we hope will be a challenging and exciting academic year.
Victor Adetula the holder of the Claude Ake Chair 2013 arrived in Uppsala on Saturday August 31 and will be with the Department until the end of February 2014.
Professor Victor Adetula is a Professor of International Relations & Development Studies at the University of Jos, Nigeria currently on Sabbatical Leave at the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs (NIIA) as Research Professor and Head, Division of Africa and Africa Integration. He has over two decades working experience in the academia and development assistance sector, including demonstrated research in African integration, democracy and governance, civil society, conflict management & peace process and development assistance. His current research interest include south-south cooperation, global governance, and international negotiations.
The UCDP article “Armed Conflicts, 1946-2012” by Lotta Themnér (formerly Harbom) and Peter Wallensteen was today published in Journal of Peace Research (JPR).
This year’s article, “Armed Conflicts, 1946-2012”, presents the latest developments in armed conflicts during 2012 by drawing on data from the most recent versions of the UCDP Dyadic Dataset (v.1-2013), as well as from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia.
In 2012, UCDP recorded a significant decrease in the number of armed conflicts, going from 37 to 32. At six, the number of wars remained at the same level as in 2011, but the total number of battle-related deaths increased significantly, mainly due to the situation in Syria and escalation of some of the other wars registered. On a more positive note, 2012 saw an increase in the number of signed peace agreements, which had been at a very low level the past three years, going from one to four.
Press release (in Swedish)
Press release (in English)
For the fifth time a graduation ceremony was arranged for the students that have successfully graduated from the Master Programme 'Politics and International Studies', with a specialization in peace and conflict studies as well as a specialization in Eurasia Studies. It was held on June 7, 2013 in the Main University Building in the presence of friends and families.
During the graduation ceremony, Olga Vera Hänni was awarded the Mats Hammarström prize for outstanding essay in Peace and Conflict Studies. The department congratulates her and the rest of the students for their excellent acheivements during the programme.
In the photo: Bia Albernaz and Ewa Björling, Minister for Trade (Ministry for Foreign Affairs)
On 29 April, MA student Bia Albernaz received a diploma at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for her leadership skills, strong academic achievements, and for being a model student in every way. The Global Swede Ceremony is an initiative taken by the Minister for Trade, Ewa Björling, and is organized by the Swedish Institute (SI) since 2011. Uppsala University was invited by the SI to nominate one of its foreign students for distinguished academic skills and performance.
The Dept. of Peace and Conflict Research congratulates Olga Vera Hänni on winning the Mats Hammarström Prize for Outstanding Essay in Peace and Conflict Studies. Olga’s Master’s thesis, entitled “Beyond Gender Stereotypes: Making Peacefulness a Human Quality” won with the motivation, “for a theoretically and methodologically extraordinarily sophisticated and creative essay, succesfully challenging conventional wisdoms on gender and conflict.”
Alumni board 2013-2014: Christofer Hägg, Susanna Edström-Johansson, Sayra van den Berg, Nick Tobia and Magnus Öberg
This afternoon, 5 June, the DPCR Alumni Association was launched at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research. The meeting elected a board consisting of both BA- and MA-students. It will now start the planning for the first year of the association. After the meeting, the Department offered refreshments and snacks to celebrate the launch.
Peace and Security in Africa (PASA) for programme year 2013–2014 has just been completed. PASA is carried out by the Department of Peace and Conflict Research in cooperation with the African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD) and the Swedish consultancy firm Indevelop, and is financially supported by the Swedish Development Cooperation Agency (Sida). This is the third year the programme is given and it has brought a qualified group of participants from a range of inter-governmental and non-governmental regional organisations working in the field of peace and security on the African continent, such as the AU, the East African Community, East- and West African Action Network on Small Arms and the Regional Centre on Small Arms, Femmes Africa Solidarité, IGAD, the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region, and WANEP, to Uppsala during the month of May. Topics such as conflict resolution, mediation, DDR processes, the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA), and state building have been discussed. The group will meet again, to follow up and continue the discussions in South Africa in November 2013.
In picture: Michael Levine, University of Western Australia, Jan Saendig, University of Tubingen, Isak Svensson, Uppsala University, and Kevin Clements, University of Otago
The Department for Peace and Conflict Research hosts a Matariki research workshop "Nonviolent Conflicts: Research Challenges and Synergies", May 28-29, 2013. The aim of the workshop is to present on-going research on nonviolence (in a broad sense) as well as to identify possibilities for research synergies and collaborative projects in the field of peace and conflict research. Matariki is a network between different universities around the world, in which Uppsala University is a member. For more information, contact email@example.com
Yongwook Ryu will be visiting our department from 13 May until 14 June as part of the East Asian Peace program. Dr. Yongwook Ryu is Assistant Professor in the Department of International Relations, The Australian National University. His research focuses on East Asian international relations, foreign policies of China, Japan, Korea and ASEAN, regional organizations, and identity in IR.
Yongwook Ryu held a public lecture titled War Memories, Identity Distance, and Interstate Conflict in Northeast Asia, on 15 May at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
In the picture: Dr Maciej Bartkowski, Senior Director for Education and Research, ICNC; Asistant Professor Erica Chenoweth, Denver University; and Ivan Marovic, former leader of Serbian OTPOR movement.
An academic seminar, Strategic Nonviolent Conflict, is organized by the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, during 8-10 of May 2013, in collaboration with International Center on Nonviolent Conflict (ICNC), Washington, D.C. During the seminar different empirical cases and basic concepts of strategic nonviolent conflict are discussed. Thematic areas covered include strategic nonviolent conflict, how civil resistance works, nonviolent discipline and violent flanks, and backfire mechanisms. For more information, contact Isak Svensson.
On 2-3 May the Department of Peace and Conflict Research hosted a workshop “Keeping the Peace on Track: Security Challenges and Third Party Management in Civil War Peace Processes” at Akademihotellet in Uppsala. The workshop included both research paper presentations and discussions with a more policy-oriented focus. The thematic focus was on security challenges within the context of civil war peace processes and various efforts by both domestic and international third party actors and organizations to try to manage or resolve such challenges. The workshop addressed this topic against the background of three peace processes in West Africa – Sierra Leone, Liberia and Côte d’Ivoire.
The participants included prominent scholars, practitioners and diplomats from, for example, the Kofi Annan Institute for Conflict Transformation, University of Liberia; Fourah Bay College, Sierra Leone; Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre, Ghana; FAFO - Institute for Applied International Studies, Norway; the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs; the Nordic Africa Institute, Sweden; the Swedish International Development Peace & Security Cooperation Agency (Sida), and the Swedish Defence Research Agency.
The workshop was sponsored by the research project “Turning Spoilers into Statesmen: Third Party Strategies for Sustainable Peace in West Africa”, funded by Sida, and the Uppsala Forum on Democracy, Peace and Justice.
In the picture: Prakash Bhattarai, Isak Svensson, and Holly Guthery.
The Department of Peace and Conflict Research has established institutional cooperation with the National Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Otago, New Zealand. As part of this cooperation, the Department is hosting PhD Candidate Holly Guthery and PhD Candidate Prakash Bhattarai as visiting research scholars. Candidate Guthery’s research is on transitional justice, and Candidate Bhattarai’s research focus on third party coordination issues.
On 18–20 April 2013, the Department hosted a memorial conference in honour of the memory of Professor Thomas Ohlson, who passed away on 14 April 2012. Thomas Ohlson was deeply involved in issues of peace, security and development with particular concern for African affairs. His last major research project focused on the conditions for building sustainable peace after the endings of civil wars in Sub-Saharan Africa, and the conference primarily addressed topics of relevance to this theme.
Many excellent researchers working in this field participated in the conference and the organising committee was able to put together a conference programme which dealt with a range of pertinent issues in this field of research, including questions relating to mediation and negotiations, third party involvement in civil war peace processes, electoral violence, military reintegration, political economy after civil war, and communal conflicts and their resolution.
On the evening of Friday 19 April, a dinner was held at Norrlands nation. In addition to the conference participants, many of Thomas’ friends, colleagues and other professional acquaintances from Sweden and abroad participated in the dinner.
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond and the Claude Ake Visiting Chair at Uppsala University sponsored the arrangements.
Thank you all who contributed to this memorable event!
Representatives from the Department of Peace and Conflict Research and the National Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies at the University of Otago, meet in San Francisco, during the Annual Convention of the International Studies Association. The two departments collaborate within the framework of the inter-university Matariki, and have launched a collaborative internationalization project, supported by the Swedish Institute for the internationalization of higher education (STINT).
February 20 Professor Mary Kaldor (London School of Economis, LSE) visited the UCDP Seminar Series. The topic for the seminar was “New Wars, Old Wars and the Critics” and the audience filled the lecture hall. It started with a presentation by Prof Kaldor, where she also addressed some of the critique she has received on her book (New and old wars: organized violence in a global era which is now in its third edition). Following this PhD candidate Anouk Rigterink (LSE) presented some of her findings on new wars, comparing and using some of the main sources of data on armed conflict, notably COW and UCDP. The third speaker was Associate Professor Magnus Öberg (DPCR), co-author of "The 'New Wars' Debate Revisited: An Empirical Evaluation of the Atrociousness of 'New Wars'" (Uppsala Peace Research Paper No 9) who reiterated some of the points from this report and commented on the two presentation. A lively discussion followed.
Peter Haldén (Phd), researcher at the department, together with Visiting Professor Robert Egnell at Georgetown University, has recently published the book New Agendas in Statebuilding: Hybridity, contingency and history at Routledge.
This volume connects the study of statebuilding to broader aspects of social theory and the historical study of the state, bringing forth new questions and starting-points, both academically and practically, for the field.
Building states has become a highly prioritized issue in international politics. Since the 1990s, mainly Western countries and international institutions have invested large sums of money, vast amounts of manpower, and considerable political capital in ventures of this kind all across the globe. Most of the focus in current literature is on the acute cases, such as Afghanistan and Iraq, but also to states that seem to fit the label ‘failed states’ such as Liberia, Sierra Leone and Somalia.
This book brings together a diverse group of scholars who introduce new theoretical approaches from the broader social sciences. The chapters revisit historical cases of statebuilding, and provide thought-provoking, new strategic perspectives on the field. The result is a volume that broadens and deepens our understanding of statebuilding by highlighting the importance of hybridity, contingency and history in a broad range of case-studies.
This book will be of much interest to students of statebuilding and intervention, peacebuilding, war and conflict studies, security studies and IR in general.