Research at the Department related to the topic of communal conflict.
Durable Resolution of Communal Conflicts
Project period: 2010 – ongoing
How is sustainable peace achieved in situations of local communal conflict? This project explores the role of the state and non-state actors in addressing such conflicts, focusing on cases in Africa. It investigates the dynamics between local conflict resolution processes and central government strategies, employing both qualitative and quantitative methods. Case studies focus on communal conflicts in Kenya.
THE URBAN DILEMMA: URBANIZATION AND ETHNOCOMMUNAL CONFLICT
Project Period: 2019 - 2022
Urbanization simultaneously holds a strong potential for progress and democracy-enhancement, and for destructive and violence-inducing dynamics, a fact encapsulated in the notion of an “urban dilemma”. This project seeks to advance knowledge on why urbanization brings with it intensified ethnic grievances and increasing levels of inter-group violence in the cities in some cases, but not in others, combining quantitative methods with in-depth field research in Kampala, Lagos and Nairobi.
Water: Conflict and Cooperation
Project period: 2015-2021
This research uses geo-referenced conflict and water data, mostly covering Africa and the Middle East. A particular focus of this work lies in improving conflict analysis by utilizing insights from hydrology. On one hand, the research deals with water as a potential source for violent conflict between non-state groups, e.g. in communal disputes or fighting between rebel groups. But the project also examines where water is used to cooperate peacefully.