Libya

Recent Sanctions-related UN Resolutions 

14 June 2016 – With Resolution 2292 the Security Council decides to authorize Member States to inspect vessels to and from Libya suspected of carrying arms or related material.

31 March 2016 – With Resolution 2278 the Security Council decides to extend the mandate of the Panel of Experts until 31 July 2017 and decides that the Panel’s mandated task shall remain as defined in resolution 2213 (2015).

27 March 2015 – With Resolution 2213 the Security Council decides to extend the mandate of the Panel of Experts until 30 April 2016 and reaffirms the previously imposed sanctions SCR 1970 and SCR 1973 (2011). 

5 March 2015 – With Resolution 2208 the Security Council decides to extend the authorizations provided by and the measures imposed by resolution 2146 (2014).

On 27 August 2014, the Council adopts resolution 2174 (2014), by which it reinforced the arms embargo and expanded the criteria for designation of individuals or entities as subject to the travel ban and assets freeze.

On 19 March 2014 – With Resolution 2146 the Security Council decides to impose measures, on vessels designated by the Committee, in relation to attempts to illicitly export crude oil from Libya

On 14 March 2014 – With Resolution 2144 the Security Council stresses compliance with the modalities of arms supplies, including ensuring that transfers reached and remained with the designated end-user, and encouraged bilateral consultations regarding claims for misappropriated funds.

The mandate of the Panel of Experts is extended until 13 April 2015.

14 March 2013 –With Resolution 2095 the Security Council decides to ease the arms embargo by not requiring notification of supply of non-lethal weapons intended for security or disarmament assistance to the Libyan government. Asset freeze measures should, in consultation with Libyan government, be lifted and made available for the benefit of the people of Libya.

The mandate of the Panel of Experts is extended for a period of thirteen months. 

12 March 2012 –With Resolution 2040 the Security Council decides to terminate the authorization granted in resolution 1973 (2011) to Member States to use all measures needed to the specific circumstances, at the same time pointing at the importanceof the full implementation of the arms embargo. The Security Council decides to lift the sanctions imposed on the Libyan Investment Authority (LIA) and the Libyan Africa Investment Portfolio (LAIP) to ensure the assets are made available to and for the benefit of the people of Libya.The sanctions measures currently in effect are:an arms embargo, a travel ban andan assets freeze. The mandate of the Panel of Experts is modified and extended one year. 

On 16 September 2011, the Security Council adopted resolution 2009 by which it eased, or lifted, some of the measures, for instance on arms intended solely for security or disarmament assistance to the Libyan authorities and small arms temporarily exported to Libya for the use of UN personnel and assets freeze on the Libyan National Oil Corporation and the Central Bank of Libya (LAFB). The council also decided to lift the ban of Libyan aircraft. 

17 March 2011 – With resolution 1973 the Security Council imposes a no fly zone to protect civilians. All flights in the airspace of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya are banned. Flights with a sole humanitarian purpose are excluded from the ban. SC decides that all states in the region are called upon to implement the arms embargo imposed a month earlier with resolution 1970. SC furthermore decides that all assets and funds owned or controlled by Libyan authorities should be frozen within 30 days of the adoption of this resolution. Individuals and entities listed in this resolution are subject to assets freeze, and travel ban in the case of some individuals, in accordance to resolution 1970.

26 February 2011 – With resolution 1970 the Security Council imposes an arms embargo on Libya and economic sanctions against the Libyan authorities (freezing the assets), while referring the ongoing violent repression of civilian demonstrators to the International Criminal Court (ICC). The SC directed the Libyan authorities to cooperate fully with the ICC in its investigations of the situation in Libya since 15 February 2011, while recognizing that the country is not party to the Rome Statute that created the Court. The Council obligates all United Nations Member States to immediately freeze all financial assets and economic resources on their territories, which are owned or controlled by the individuals or entities listed in the resolution. The SC imposed a travel ban on President Muammar Al-Qadhafi and other seniors in his administration, including family members and other relatives.  The SC also decides to establish a new Sanctions Committee to monitor the implementation of the imposed sanctions.

12 September, by adopting resolution 1506 the Council decided to terminate the sanctions against Libya, imposed after terrorist bombings of Pan Am 103, UTA 772 in 1992. The sanctions, which included travel restrictions, an arms embargo and financial sanctions were lifted after Libya agreed to pay up to $10 million each to the families of the 270 victims.

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Recent resolutions by the UNSC

North Korea

30 November 2016 – With Resolution 2321 the Security Council decides that Members of the Government of DPRK and vessels believed to be related to nuclear- or ballistic missile-related programmes or activities prohibited Security Council resolutions, shall be prohibited from entering Member States’ territories and ports. Member states shall prohibit DPRK from using real property in their territory for any purpose other than diplomatic activities and take necessary measures to close bank accounts in DPRK within 90 days.

A ban on DPRK’s selling, and Member States’ procurement, of copper, nickel, silver and zink is imposed.

The mandate of the Committee set out in resolution 1718 shall apply also to the measures imposed in this resolution.

Somalia

10 November 2016 – With Resolution 2317 the Security Council decides to renew the provisions set out in resolution 2142 (2014) stating that the arms embargo on Somalia shall not apply deliveries of weapons, ammunition or military equipment or the provision of advice, assistance or training, intended solely for the development of the Security Forces of the Federal Government of Somalia to provide security for the Somali people. 

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