About UCDP

The Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) has recorded ongoing violent conflicts since the 1970s. The data provided is one of the most accurate and well-used data-sources on global armed conflicts and its definition of armed conflict is becoming a standard in how conflicts are systematically defined and studied.

More about UCDP

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Publications using UCDP data

Below follows a listing of papers that have used various versions of UCDP data in the past seven years. Note that the list is not complete.

2010 l 2009 l 2008 l 2007 l 2006 l 2005 

2010


  • Ali, H. E. and Lin, E. S. (2010). Wars, Food cost and countervailing policies: A panel data approach. Food Policy, 35(5).
  • Atkinson, C. (2010). Does Soft Power Matter? A Comparative Analysis of Student Exchange Programs 1980-2006. Foreign Policy Analysis, 6(1).
  • Baas, D. (2010). Approaches and challenges to political risk assessment: The view from Export Development Canada. Risk Management-An International Journal, 12(2).
  • Bearce, D. H. and Tirone, D. C. (2010). Foreign Aid Effectiveness and the Strategic Goals of Donor Governments. Journal of Politics, 72(3).
  • Blattman, C. and Miguel, E. (2010). Civil War. Journal of Economic Literature, 48(1).
  • Bogaards, M. (2010). Measures of Democratization: From Degree to Type to War. Political Research Quarterly, 63(2).
  • Bozzoli, C., Brueck, T., and Sottsas, S. (2010). A Survey Of The Global Economic Costs Of Conflict. Defence and Peace Economics, 21(2).
  • Braithwaite, A. (2010a). MIDLOC: Introducing the Militarized Interstate Dispute Location dataset. Journal of Peace Research, 47(1).
  • Braithwaite, A. (2010b). Resisting infection: How state capacity conditions conflict contagion. Journal of Peace Research, 47(3).
  • Buhaug, H. (2010a). Climate not to blame for African civil wars. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(38).
  • Buhaug, H. (2010b). Dude, Where’s My Conflict? LSG, Relative Strength, and the Location of Civil War. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 27(2).
  • Burson, B. (2010). Environmentally Induced Displacement and the 1951 Refugee Convention: Pathways to Recognition. In Afifi, editor, Environment, Forced Migration and Social Vulnerability.
  • Carey, S. C. (2010). The Use of Repression as a Response to Domestic Dissent. Political Studies, 58(1).
  • Carlton-Ford, S. (2010). Major Armed Conflicts, Militarization, and Life Chances: A Pooled Time-Series Analysis. Armed Forces & Society, 36(5).
  • Carlton-Ford, S. and Boop, D. (2010). Civil War and Life Chances A Multinational Study. International Sociology, 25(1).
  • Caruso, R. (2010). Butter, Guns and Ice-Cream Theory and Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa. Defence and Peace Economics, 21(3).
  • Cederman, L.-E., Hug, S., and Krebs, L. F. (2010a). Democratization and civil war: Empirical evidence. Journal of Peace Research, 47(4).
  • Cederman, L.-E., Wimmer, A., and Min, B. (2010b). Why Do Ethnic Groups Rebel? New Data and Analysis. World Politics, 62(1).
  • Chenoweth, E. (2010). Democratic Competition and Terrorist Activity. Journal of Politics, 72(1).
  • Choi, S.-W. (2010). Fighting Terrorism through the Rule of Law? Journal of Conflict Resolution, 54(6).
  • Christiansen, L., Prati, A., Ricci, L. A., Tressel, T., Coeurdacier, N., and Klein, M. W. (2010). External Balance in Low-Income Countries. In Reichlin, editor, Nber International Seminar On Macroeconomics 2009, volume 6 of NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics.
  • Conrad, C. R. and Moore, W. H. (2010). What Stops the Torture? American Journal of Political Science, 54(2).
  • Cunningham, D. E. (2010). Blocking resolution: How external states can prolong civil wars. Journal of Peace Research, 47(2).
  • Dancy, G. (2010). Impact Assessment, Not Evaluation: Defining a Limited Role for Positivism in the Study of Transitional Justice. International Journal of Transitional Justice, 4(3, Sp. Iss. SI).
  • De Groot, O. J. (2010). The Spillover Effects of Conflict on Economic Growth in Neighbouring Countries in Africa. Defence and Peace Economics, 21(2).
  • Di John, J. (2010). Conceptualizing the Causes and Consequences of Failed States: A Critical Review of the Literature. Revista de Estudios Sociales, (37).
  • Fasel, R. and Spini, D. (2010). Effects of Victimization on the Belief in a Just World in Four Ex-Yugoslavian Countries. Social Justice Research, 23(1).
  • Gizelis, T.-I. and Wooden, A. E. (2010). Water resources, institutions, & intrastate conflict. Political Geography, 29(8).
  • Gleditsch, K. S. and Ruggeri, A. (2010). Political opportunity structures, democracy, and civil war. Journal of Peace Research, 47(3).
  • Gregory, D. (2010). War and peace. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 35(2).
  • Hayo, B. and Voigt, S. (2010). Determinants of constitutional change: Why do countries change their form of government? Journal of Comparative Economics, 38 (3, Sp. Iss. SI).
  • Heupel, M. and Zangl, B. (2010). On the transformation of warfare: a plausibility probe of the new war thesis. Journal of International Relations and Development, 13(1).
  • Hill, D. W. (2010). Estimating the Effects of Human Rights Treaties on State Behavior. Journal of Politics, 72(4).
  • Hoffman, A. M. (2010). Voice and silence: Why groups take credit for acts of terror. Journal of Peace Research, 47(5).
  • Hug, S. (2010). The Effect of Misclassifications in Probit Models: Monte Carlo Simulations and Applications. Political Analysis, 18(1).
  • Huibregtse, A. (2010). External Intervention in Ethnic Conflict. International Interactions, 36(3).
  • Johnson, S., Ostry, J. D., and Subramanian, A. (2010). Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa: Benchmarking the Constraints. IMF Staff Papers, 57(1).
  • Kalyvas, S. N. and Balcells, L. (2010). International System and Technologies of Rebellion: How the End of the Cold War Shaped Internal Conflict. American Political Science Review, 104(3).
  • Kathman, J. D. (2010). Civil War Contagion and Neighboring Interventions. International Studies Quarterly, 54(4).
  • Kim, D.-H. and Trumbore, P. F. (2010). Transnational mergers and acquisitions: The impact of FDI on human rights, 1981-2006. Journal of Peace Research, 47(6).
  • Kirschner, S. A. (2010). Knowing Your Enemy: Information and Commitment Problems in Civil Wars. Journal Of Conflict Resolution, 54(5).
  • Kivimaki, T. (2010). East Asian relative peace - does it exist? What is it? Pacific Review, 23(4).
  • Letendre, K., Fincher, C. L., and Thornhill, R. (2010). Does infectious disease cause global variation in the frequency of intrastate armed conflict and civil war? Biological Reviews, 85(3).
  • Licht, A. A. (2010). Coming into Money: The Impact of Foreign Aid on Leader Survival. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 54(1).
  • Lujala, P. (2010). The spoils of nature: Armed civil conflict and rebel access to natural resources. Journal of Peace Research, 47(1).
  • Mattes, M. and Savun, B. (2010). Information, Agreement Design, and the Durability of Civil War Settlements. American Journal of Political Science, 54(2).
  • McLauchlin, T. (2010). Loyalty Strategies and Military Defection in Rebellion. Comparative Politics, 42(3).
  • Meernik, J. D., Nichols, A., and King, K. L. (2010). The Impact of International Tribunals and Domestic Trials on Peace and Human Rights After Civil War. International Studies Perspectives, 11(4).
  • Murdie, A. and Davis, D. R. (2010). Problematic Potential: The Human Rights Consequences of Peacekeeping Interventions in Civil Wars. Human Rights Quarterly, 32(1).
  • Neumayer, E. (2010). Visa Restrictions and Bilateral Travel. Professional Geographer, 62(2).
  • Obermeyer, Z., Rajaratnam, J. K., Park, C. H., Gakidou, E., Hogan, M. C., Lopez, A. D., and Murray, C. J. L. (2010). Measuring Adult Mortality Using Sibling Survival: A New Analytical Method and New Results for 44 Countries, 1974-2006. Plos Medicine, 7(4).
  • Olsen, T. D., Payne, L. A., and Reiter, A. G. (2010). Transitional justice in the world, 1970-2007: Insights from a new dataset. Journal Of Peace Research, 47(6).
  • Perkins, R. and Neumayer, E. (2010). The organized hypocrisy of ethical foreign policy: Human rights, democracy and Western arms sales. Geoforum, 41(2, Sp. Iss. SI).
  • Plumper, T. and Neumayer, E. (2010). The Level of Democracy during Interregnum Periods: Recoding the polity2 Score. Political Analysis, 18(2).
  • Prichard, W. and Leonard, D. K. (2010). Does reliance on tax revenue build state capacity in sub-Saharan Africa? International Review of Administrative Sciences, 76(4).
  • Reuveny, R., Mihalache-O’Keef, A. S., and Li, Q. (2010). The effect of warfare on the environment. Journal of Peace Research, 47(6).
  • Robison, K. K. (2010a). Terror’s True Nightmare? Reevaluating the Consequences of Terrorism on Democratic Governance. Terrorism and Political Violence, 22(1).
  • Robison, K. K. (2010b). Unpacking the Social Origins of Terrorism: The Role of Women’s Empowerment in Reducing Terrorism. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 33(8).
  • Robison, K. K. and Crenshaw, E. M. (2010). Reevaluating the Global Digital Divide: Socio-Demographic and Conflict Barriers to the Internet Revolution. Sociological Inquiry, 80(1).
  • Rosenfeld, F. (2010). Collective reparation for victims of armed conflict. International Review of the Red Cross, 92(879).
  • Rubenstein, L. S. and Bittle, M. D. (2010). Responsibility for protection of medical workers and facilities in armed conflict. Lancet, 375(9711).
  • Raleigh, C., Linke, A., Hegre, H., and Karlsen, J. (2010). Introducing ACLED: An Armed Conflict Location and Event Dataset. Journal of Peace Research, 47(5).
  • Salehyan, I. (2010). The Delegation of War to Rebel Organizations. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 54(3).
  • Schultz, K. A. (2010). The Enforcement Problem in Coercive Bargaining: Interstate Conflict over Rebel Support in Civil Wars. International Organization, 64(2).
  • Sobek, D. and Payne, C. L. (2010). A Tale of Two Types: Rebel Goals and the Onset of Civil Wars1. International Studies Quarterly, 54(1).
  • van Niekerk, B. and Maharaj, M. (2010). Information as a Strategic Asset in an Asymmetric Unconventional Conflict. In Brown, I, editor, Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Management and Evaluation.
  • Walsh, J. I. and Piazza, J. A. (2010). Why Respecting Physical Integrity Rights Reduces Terrorism. Comparative Political Studies, 43(5).
  • Weidmann, N. B., Kuse, D., and Gleditsch, K. S. (2010). The Geography of the International System: The CShapes Dataset. International Interactions, 36(1).
  • Winters, M. S. (2010). CHOOSING TO TARGET What Types of Countries Get Different Types of World Bank Projects. World Politics, 62(3).
  • Wood, R. M. (2010). Rebel capability and strategic violence against civilians. Journal of Peace Research, 47(5). 

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2009


  • Abouharb, M. R. and Cingranelli, D. L. (2009). IMF programs and human rights, 1981-2003. Review of International Organizations, 4(1).
  • Achvarina, V., Nordas, R., Ostby, G., and Rustad, S. A. (2009). Poverty and Child Soldier Recruitment: A Disaggregated Study of African Regions. Politische Vierteljahresschrift, (Sp. Iss. 43).
  • Akdede, S. H. and Ogus, A. (2009). Death as a measure of duration of a conflict. Defence and Peace Economics, 20(6).
  • Akkerman, T. (2009). New Wars, New Morality? Acta Politica, 44(1).
  • Armstrong, D. A. (2009). Measuring the democracy-repression nexus. Electoral Studies, 28(3).
  • Azemar, C. and Desbordes, R. (2009). Public Governance, Health and Foreign Direct Investment in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of African Economies, 18(4).
  • Basedau, M. and Lay, J. (2009). Resource Curse or Rentier Peace? The Ambiguous Effects of Oil Wealth and Oil Dependence on Violent Conflict. Journal of Peace Research, 46(6).
  • Beardsley, K. (2009). Intervention Without Leverage: Explaining the Prevalence of Weak Mediators. International Interactions, 35(3).
  • Boucekkine, R., Desbordes, R., and Latzer, H. (2009). How do epidemics induce behavioral changes? Journal of Economic Growth, 14(3).
  • Brunnschweiler, C. N. and Bulte, E. H. (2009). Natural resources and violent conflict: resource abundance, dependence, and the onset of civil wars. Oxford Economic Papers-New Series, 61(4).
  • Buhaug, H., Gates, S., and Lujala, P. (2009b). Geography, Rebel Capability, and the Duration of Civil Conflict. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 53(4).
  • Bundervoet, T., Verwimp, P., and Akresh, R. (2009). Health and Civil War in Rural Burundi. Journal of Human Resources, 44(2).
  • Burke, M. B., Miguel, E., Satyanath, S., Dykema, J. A., and Lobell, D. B. (2009). Warming increases the risk of civil war in Africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(49).
  • Bussmann, M. (2009). Sticks or Carrots? State Capacity and Civil Wars. Politische Vierteljahresschrift, (Sp. Iss. 43).
  • Bussmann, M., Hasenclever, A., and Schneider, G. (2009). Identity, institutions and economy: causes and apparent causes of internal political violence. Politische Vierteljahresschrift, (Sp. Iss. 43).
  • Butler, C. and Gates, S. (2009). Asymmetry, Parity, and (Civil) War: Can International Theories of Power Help Us Understand Civil War? International Interactions, 35(3).
  • Cederman, L.-E., Buhaug, H., and Rod, J. K. (2009a). Ethno- Nationalist Dyads and Civil War A GIS-Based Analysis. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 53(4).
  • Cederman, L.-E., Girardin, L., and Gleditsch, K. S. (2009b). Ethnonationalist Triads. Assessing the Influence of Kin Groups on Civil Wars. World Politics, 61(3).
  • Clasen, S. and Zwingel, S. (2009). Gender Orders and the Escalation of Violence. Politische Vierteljahresschrift, (Sp. Iss. 43).
  • Collier, P., Hoeffler, A., and Rohner, D. (2009). Beyond greed and grievance: feasibility and civil war. Oxford Economic Papers-New Series, 61(1).
  • Cunningham, D. E., Gleditsch, K. S., and Salehyan, I. (2009). It Takes Two A Dyadic Analysis of Civil War Duration and Outcome. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 53(4).
  • de Ree, J. and Nillesen, E. (2009). Aiding violence or peace? The impact of foreign aid on the risk of civil conflict in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Development Economics, 88(2).
  • de Soysa, I. (2009). Hell is Other People? Social Fractionalization and State Repression, 1980-2004. Politische Vierteljahresschrift, (Sp. Iss. 43).
  • de Soysa, I., Jackson, T., and Ormhaug, C. (2009). Does Globalization Profit the Small Arms Bazaar? International Interactions, 35(1).
  • Devkota, B. and van Teijlingen, E. R. (2009). Politicians in Apron: Case Study of Rebel Health Services in Nepal. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 21(4).
  • Dixon, J. (2009). What Causes Civil Wars? Integrating Quantitative Research Findings. International Studies Review, 11(4).
  • Dorussen, H. (2009). Economic and Political Coercion in Ethno-Political Conflict. Politische Vierteljahresschrift, (Sp. Iss. 43).
  • Eriksen, S. and de Soysa, I. (2009). A Fate Worse Than Debt? International Financial Institutions and Human Rights, 1981-2003. Journal of Peace Research, 46(4).
  • Flint, C. and Radil, S. M. (2009). Terrorism and Counter- Terrorism: Situating al-Qaeda and the Global War on Terror within Geopolitical Trends and Structures. Eurasian Geography and Economics, 50(2).
  • Fuhrmann, M. and Tir, J. (2009). Territorial Dimensions of Enduring Internal Rivalries. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 26(4).
  • Fukuda-Parr, S., Lawson-Remer, T., and Randolph, S. (2009). An Index of Economic and Social Rights Fulfillment: Concept and Methodology. Journal of Human Rights, 8(3).
  • Gizelis, T.-I. (2009). Wealth alone does not buy health: Political capacity, democracy, and the spread of AIDS. Political Geography, 28(2).
  • Green, S. T., Small, M., and Casman, E. A. (2009). Determinants of National Diarrheal Disease Burden. Environmental Science & Technology, 43(4).
  • Hanson, T., Brooks, T. M., Da Fonseca, G. A. B., Hoffmann, M., Lamoreux, J. F., Machlis, G., Mittermeier, C. G., Mittermeier, R. A., and Pilgrim, J. D. (2009). Warfare in Biodiversity Hotspots. Conservation Biology, 23(3).
  • Jensen, P. S. and Gleditsch, K. S. (2009). Rain, Growth, and Civil War: The Importance of Location. Defence and Peace Economics, 20(5).
  • Jones, B. F. and Olken, B. A. (2009). Hit or Miss? The Effect of Assassinations on Institutions and War. American Economic Journal of Macroeconomics, 1(2).
  • Jong-A-Pin, R. (2009). On the measurement of political instability and its impact on economic growth. European Journal of Political Economy, 25(1).
  • Lebovic, J. H. and Voeten, E. (2009). The Cost of Shame: International Organizations and Foreign Aid in the Punishing of Human Rights Violators. Journal of Peace Research, 46(1).
  • Lektzian, D. and Souva, M. (2009). A Comparative Theory Test of Democratic Peace Arguments, 1946-2000. Journal of Peace Research, 46(1).
  • Lujala, P. (2009). Deadly Combat over Natural Resources Gems, Petroleum, Drugs, and the Severity of Armed Civil Conflict. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 53(1).
  • Lyall, J. and Wilson, I. (2009). Rage Against the Machines: Explaining Outcomes in Counterinsurgency Wars. International Organization, 63(1).
  • Mattes, M. and Savun, B. (2009). Fostering Peace After Civil War: Commitment Problems and Agreement Design. International Studies Quarterly, 53(3).
  • Mueller, J. (2009). War Has Almost Ceased to Exist: An Assessment. Political Science Quarterly, 124(2).
  • Neumayer, E. (2009). A New Moral Hazard? Military Intervention, Peacekeeping and Ratification of the International Criminal Court. Journal of Peace Research, 46(5).
  • Neumayer, E. and Pluemper, T. (2009). International Terrorism and the Clash of Civilizations. British Journal of Political Science, 39(Part 4).
  • Ostby, G., Nordas, R., and Rod, J. K. (2009). Regional Inequalities and Civil Conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Studies Quarterly, 53(2).
  • Piazza, J. A. and Walsh, J. I. (2009). Transnational Terror and Human Rights. International Studies Quarterly, 53(1).
  • Plumper, T. and Neumayer, E. (2009). Famine Mortality, Rational Political Inactivity, and International Food Aid. World Development, 37(1).
  • Raleigh, C. and Hegre, H. (2009). Population size, concentration, and civil war. A geographically disaggregated analysis. Political Geography, 28(4).
  • Romero-Avila, D. (2009). Multiple Breaks, Terms of Trade Shocks and the Unit-Root Hypothesis for African Per Capita Real GDP. World Development, 37(6).
  • Sambanis, N. and Schulhofer-Wohl, J. (2009). What’s in a Line? Is Partition a Solution to Civil War? International Security, 34(2).
  • Sanchez-Cuenca, I. (2009). Revolutionary Dreams and Terrorist Violence in the Developed World: Explaining Country Variation. Journal of Peace Research, 46(5).
  • Savun, B. and Phillips, B. J. (2009). Democracy, Foreign Policy, and Terrorism. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 53(6).
  • Sullivan, P. L. and Koch, M. T. (2009). Military Intervention by Powerful States, 1945-2003. Journal of Peace Research, 46(5).
  • Tonnesson, S. (2009). What is it that Best Explains the East Asian Peace since 1979? A Call for a Research Agenda. Asian Perspective, 33(1).
  • Weidmann, N. B. (2009). Geography as Motivation and Opportunity Group Concentration and Ethnic Conflict. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 53(4).
  • Werker, E., Ahmed, F. Z., and Cohen, C. (2009). How Is Foreign Aid Spent? Evidence from a Natural Experiment. American Economic Journal of Macroeconomics, 1(2).
  • Whitten-Woodring, J. (2009). Watchdog or Lapdog? Media Freedom, Regime Type, and Government Respect for Human Rights. International Studies Quarterly, 53(3).
  • Wiesehomeier, N., Schneider, G., and Braun, C.-S. (2009). The Compatibility of the Incompatible? Economic Factors and Identity as Common Causes of Civil War. Politische Vierteljahresschrift, (Sp. Iss. 43).
  • Wimmer, A., Cederman, L.-E., and Min, B. (2009a). Ethnic Politics and Armed Conflict: A Configurational Analysis of a New Global Data Set. American Sociological Review, 74(2).
  • Wimmer, A., Cederman, L.-E., and Min, B. (2009b). Ethnic Politics and Armed Conflict. A Configurational Analysis of a New Global Dataset. Politische Vierteljahresschrift, (Sp. Iss. 43).
  • Wimmer, A. and Min, B. (2009). The Location and Purpose of Wars Around the World: A New Global Dataset, 1816-2001. International Interactions, 35(4).
  • Wright, J. (2009). How Foreign Aid Can Foster Democratization in Authoritarian Regimes. American Journal of Political Science, 53(3). 

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2008


  • Adam, C., Collier, P., and Davies, V. A. B. (2008). Postconflict monetary reconstruction. World Bank Economic Review, 22(1).
  • Alvarez-Plata, P. and Brueck, T. (2008). External debt in post-conflict countries. World Development, 36(3).
  • Bae, S. H. and Ott, A. F. (2008). Predatory behavior of governments: The case of mass killing. Defence and Peace Economics, 19(2).
  • Balla, E. and Reinhardt, G. Y. (2008). Giving and Receiving Foreign Aid: Does Conflict Count? World Development, 36(12).
  • Bohara, A. K., Mitchell, N. J., Nepal, M., and Raheem, N. (2008). Human rights violations, corruption, and the policy of repression. Policy Studies Journal, 36(1).
  • Buhaug, H., Cederman, L.-E., and Rod, J. K. (2008). Disaggregating ethno-nationalist civil wars: A dyadic test of exclusion theory. International Organization, 62(3).
  • Buhaug, H. and Gleditsch, K. S. (2008). Contagion or confusion? Why conflicts cluster in space. International Studies Quarterly, 52(2).
  • Chapman, T. L. (2008). Unraveling the ties between civic institutions and attitudes toward political violence. International Studies Quarterly, 52(3).
  • Collier, P., Hoeffler, A., and Soderbom, M. (2008). Post-conflict risks. Journal of Peace Research, 45(4).
  • Davies, V. A. B. (2008). Postwar capital flight and inflation. Journal of Peace Research, 45(4).
  • De Soysa, I. and Neumayer, E. (2008). Disarming fears of diversity: Ethnic heterogeneity and state militarization, 1988-2002. Journal of Peace Research, 45(4).
  • DeRouen, K. R. and Bercovitch, J. (2008). Enduring internal rivalries: A new framework for the study of civil war. Journal of Peace Research, 45(1).
  • Elbadawi, I. and Hegre, H. (2008). Globalization, economic shocks, and internal armed conflict. Defence and Peace Economics, 19(1).
  • Elbadawi, I., Hegre, H., and Milante, G. J. (2008). The aftermath of Civil War. Journal of Peace Research, 45(4).
  • Forsberg, Erika (2008). Polarization and Ethnic Conflict in a Widened Strategic Setting, Journal of Peace Research 45(2).
  • Gent, S. E. (2008). Going in When it Counts: Military Intervention and the Outcome of Civil Conflicts. International Studies Quarterly, 52(4).
  • Gilligan, M. J. and Sergenti, E. J. (2008). Do UN Interventions Cause Peace? Using Matching to Improve Causal Inference. Quarterly Journal of Political Science, 3(2).
  • Gleditsch, K. S., Salehyan, I., and Schultz, K. (2008). Fighting at home, fighting abroad - How civil wars lead to international disputes. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 52(4).
  • Gleditsch, N. P. (2008). The Liberal Moment Fifteen Years On. International Studies Quarterly, 52(4).
  • Gurses, M., Rost, N., and McLeod, P. (2008). Mediating civil war settlements and the duration of peace. International Interactions, 34(2).
  • Jensen, N. M. and Young, D. J. (2008). A violent future? Political risk insurance markets and violence forecasts. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 52(4).
  • Jones, B. F. and Olken, B. A. (2008). The anatomy of start-stop growth. Review of Economics And Statistics, 90(3).
  • Kivimaki, T. (2008). Power, interest or culture - is there a paradigm that explains ASEAN’s political role best? Pacific Review, 21(4).
  • Lektzian, D. and Prins, B. C. (2008). Taming the leviathan: Examining the impact of external threat on state capacity. Journal of Peace Research, 45(5).
  • Long, A. G. (2008). Bilateral trade in the shadow of armed conflict. International Studies Quarterly, 52(1).
  • Mansfield, E. D. and Reinhardt, E. (2008). International Institutions and the Volatility of International Trade. International Organization, 62(4).
  • Mattoo, A., Neagu, I. C., and Oezden, C. (2008). Brain waste? Educated immigrants in the US labor market. Journal of Development Economics, 87(2).
  • Mousseau, M. and Mousseau, D. Y. (2008). The contracting roots of human rights. Journal of Peace Research, 45(3).
  • Nel, P. and Righarts, M. (2008). Natural disasters and the risk of violent civil conflict. International Studies Quarterly, 52(1).
  • Ostby, G. (2008). Polarization, horizontal inequalities and violent civil conflict. Journal of Peace Research, 45(2).
  • Oswald, B. (2008). Detention of Civilians on Military Operations: Reasons For and Challenges to Developing a Special Law of Detention. Melbourne University Law Review, 32(2).
  • Rost, N. and Booth, J. A. (2008). Determinants of regime type in newly independent states. European Journal of Political Research, 47(5).
  • Rustad, S. C., Rod, J. K., Larsen, W., and Gleditsch, N. P. (2008). Foliage and fighting: Forest resources and the onset, duration, and location of civil war. Political Geography, 27(7).
  • Salehyan, I. (2008a). No shelter here: Rebel sanctuaries and international conflict. Journal of Politics, 70(1).
  • Salehyan, I. (2008b). The externalities of civil strife: Refugees as a source of international conflict. American Journal of Political Science, 52(4).
  • Schneider, G. and Wiesehomeier, N. (2008). Rules that matter: Political institutions and the diversity-conflict nexus. Journal of Peace Research, 45(2).
  • Tir, J. and Jasinski, M. (2008). Domestic-level diversionary theory of war - Targeting ethnic minorities. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 52(5).
  • Urdal, H. (2008). Population, resources, and political violence – A subnational study of India, 1956-2002. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 52(4).
  • Vivimaki, T. (2008). Lessons of peace processes. Asia Europe Journal, 6(1).
  • Wood, R. M. (2008). ‘’A hand upon the throat of the nation”: Economic sanctions and state repression, 1976-2001. International Studies Quarterly, 52(3).
  • Wright, J. (2008). Political competition and democratic stability in new democracies. British Journal of Political Science, 38(Part 2). 

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2007


  • Baev, P. K. (2007). Defining civil war by examining post-Soviet conflicts. Terrorism and Political Violence, 19(2).
  • Binningsbo, H. M., de Soysa, I., and Gleditsch, N. P. (2007). Green giant or straw man? Environmental pressure and civil conflict, 1961-99. Population and Environment, 28(6).
  • Blanton, R. G. and Apodaca, C. (2007). Economic globalization and violent civil conflict: Is openness a pathway to peace? Social Science Journal, 44(4).
  • Bussmann, M. and Schneider, G. (2007). When globalization discontent turns violent: Foreign economic liberalization and internal war. International Studies Quarterly, 51(1).
  • Butler, C. K., Gluch, T., and Mitchell, N. J. (2007). Security forces and sexual violence: A cross-national analysis of a principal-agent argument. Journal of Peace Research, 44(6).
  • Carey, S. C. (2007). Rebellion in Africa: Disaggregating the effect of political regimes. Journal of Peace Research, 44(1).
  • Carling, J. (2007). Unauthorized migration from Africa to Spain. International Migration, 45(4).
  • Collier, P. and Hoeffler, A. (2007). Unintended consequences: Does aid promote arms races? Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 69(1).
  • Cornell, S. E. (2007). Narcotics and armed conflict: Interaction and implications. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 30(3).
  • Daxecker, U. E. (2007). Perilous polities? An assessment of the democratization-conflict linkage. European Journal of International Relations, 13(4).
  • de Soysa, I. and Neumayer, E. (2007). Resource wealth and the risk of civil war onset: Results from a new dataset of natural resource rents, 1970-1999. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 24(3).
  • De Soysa, I. and Nordas, R. (2007). Islam’s bloody innards? Religion and political terror, 1980-2000. International Studies Quarterly, 51(4).
  • Eck, K., Lacina, B., and Oberg, M. (2007). Civil conflict in the contemporary world. In Oberg, editor, Resources, Governance and Civil Conflict, volume 50 of Routledge ECPR Studies in European Political Science.
  • Gates, S. and Strand, H. (2007). Military intervention, democratization, and post-conflict political stability. In Oberg, editor, Resources, Governance and Civil Conflict, volume 50 of Routledge ECPR Studies in European Political Science.
  • Gleditsch, K. S. (2007). Transnational dimensions of civil war. Journal of Peace Research, 44(3).
  • Gleditsch, K. S. and Salehyan, I. (2007). Civil wars and interstate disputes. In Oberg, editor, Resources, Governance and Civil Conflict, volume 50 of Routledge ECPR Studies in European Political Science.
  • Go, D., Nikitin, D., Wang, X., and Zou, H.-f. (2007). Poverty and inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa: Literature survey and empirical assessment. Annals of Economics and Finance, 8(2).
  • Haftel, Y. Z. (2007). Designing for peace: Regional integration arrangements, institutional variation, and militarized interstate disputes. International Organization, 61(1).
  • Heger, L. and Salehyan, I. (2007). Ruthless rulers: Coalition size and the severity of civil conflict. International Studies Quarterly, 51(2).
  • Hendrix, C. S. and Glaser, S. M. (2007). Trends and triggers: Climate, climate change and civil conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa. Political Geography, 26(6).
  • Iqbal, Z. (2007). The geo-politics of forced migration in Africa, 1992-2001. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 24(2).
  • Jenne, E. K., Saideman, S. M., and Lowe, W. (2007). Separatism as a bargaining posture: The role of leverage in minority radicalization. Journal of Peace Research, 44(5).
  • Koch, M. T. (2007). Testing the “Dick Cheney” hypothesis: Do governments of the left attract more terrorism than governments of the right? Conflict Management and Peace Science, 24(4).
  • Kriesberg, L. (2007). Long peace or long war: A conflict resolution perspective. Negotiation Journal, 23(2).
  • Lacina, B. (2007). Insights from macro studies of the risk of civil war. In Oberg, editor, Resources, Governance and Civil Conflict, volume 50 of Routledge ECPR Studies in European Political Science.
  • Lai, B. and Thyne, C. (2007). The effect of civil war on education, 1980-97. Journal of Peace Research, 44(3).
  • Lujala, P., Rod, J. K., and Thieme, N. (2007). Fighting over oil: Introducing a new dataset. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 24(3).
  • Mac Ginty, R., Muldoon, O. T., and Ferguson, N. (2007). No war, no peace: Northern Ireland after the agreement. Political Psychology, 28(1).
  • Maoz, Z. (2007). Evaluating Israel’s strategy of low-intensity warfare, 1949- 2006. Security Studies, 16(3).
  • Mashal, T., Nakamura, K., Kizuki, M., Seino, K., and Takano, T. (2007). Impact of conflict on infant immunisation coverage in Afghanistan: a countrywide study 2000-2003. International Journal of Health Geographics, 6.
  • Oberg, M. and Strom, K. (2007). Introducing civil conflict. In Oberg, editor, Resources, Governance and Civil Conflict, volume 50 of Routledge ECPR Studies in European Political Science.
  • Raleigh, C. and Urdal, H. (2007). Climate change, environmental degradation and armed conflict. Political Geography, 26(6).
  • Rayp, G. and Van De Sijpe, N. (2007). Measuring and explaining government efficiency in developing countries. Journal of Development Studies, 43(2).
  • Richards, D. L. and Gelleny, R. D. (2007). Good things to those who wait? National elections and government respect for human rights. Journal of Peace Research, 44(4).
  • Sollenberg, M. (2007). From bullets to ballots Using the people as arbitrators to settle civil wars. In Oberg, editor, Resources, Governance and Civil Conflict, volume 50 of Routledge ECPR Studies in European Political Science.
  • Sorensen, G. (2007). After the security dilemma: The challenges of insecurity in weak states and the dilemma of liberal values. Security Dialogue, 38(3).
  • Suzuki, S. (2007). Major arms imports and the onset of civil and ethnic wars in the postcolonial world, 1956-1998: A preliminary. Social Science Journal, 44(1).
  • Thoms, O. N. T. and Ron, J. (2007). Do human rights violations cause internal conflict? Human Rights Quarterly, 29(3).
  • Tusicisny, A. (2007). Security communities and their values: Taking masses seriously. International Political Science Review, 28(4). 

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2006


  • Bocchi, S., Disperati, S. P., and Rossi, S. (2006). Environmental security: A geographic information system analysis approach-the case of Kenya. Environmental Management, 37(2).
  • Branch, H. G. (2006). Desertification - A new security challenge for the Mediterranean? - Policy agenda for recognising and coping with fatal outcomes of global environmental change and potentially violent societal consequences. In Kepner, Wg, editor, Desertification in the Mediterranean Region. A Security Issue, volume 3 of Nato Science for Peace and Security Series C - Environmental Security.
  • Buhaug, H. (2006). Relative capability and rebel objective in civil war. Journal of Peace Research, 43(6).
  • Buhaug, H. and Rod, J. K. (2006). Local determinants of African civil wars, 1970-2001. Political Geography, 25(3).
  • Burgoon, B. (2006). On welfare and terror - Social welfare policies and political-economic roots of terrorism. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 50(2).
  • Cheibub, J. A. (2006). Presidentialism, electoral identifiability, and budget balances in democratic systems. American Political Science Review, 100(3).
  • Coe, C. A. (2006). Farmer participation in market authorities of coffee exporting countries. World Development, 34(12).
  • Englehart, N. and Kurzman, C. (2006). Welcome to World Peace. Social Forces, 84(4).
  • Gartzke, E. and Gleditsch, K. S. (2006). Identity and conflict: Ties that bind and differences that divide. European Journal of International Relations, 12(1).
  • Hegre, H. and Sambanis, N. (2006). Sensitivity analysis of empirical results on civil war onset. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 50(4).
  • Iqbal, Z. (2006). Health and human security: The public health impact of violent conflict. International Studies Quarterly, 50(3).
  • Iqbal, Z. and Zorn, C. (2006). Sic semper tyrannis? Power, repression, and assassination since the Second World War. Journal of Politics, 68(3).
  • Jakobsen, J. and de Soysa, I. (2006). Do foreign investors punish democracy? Theory and empirics, 1984-2001. Kyklos, 59(3).
  • Kuziemko, I. and Werker, E. (2006). How much is a seat on the security council worth? Foreign aid and bribery at the United Nations. Journal of Political Economy, 114(5).
  • Lacina, B. (2006). Explaining the severity of civil wars. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 50(2).
  • Lacina, B., Gleditsch, N. P., and Russett, B. (2006). The declining risk of death in battle. International Studies Quarterly, 50(3).
  • Le Billon, P. (2006). Fatal transactions: Conflict diamonds and the (anti) terrorist consumer. Antipode, 38(4).
  • Lehmijoki, U. and Palokangas, T. (2006). Political instability, gender discrimination, and population growth in developing countries. Journal of Population Economics, 19(2).
  • Melander, E. and Oberg, M. (2006). Time to go? Duration dependence in forced migration. International Interactions, 32(2).
  • Montiel, C. J. and Macapagal, M. E. J. (2006). Effects of social position on societal attributions of an asymmetric conflict. Journal of Peace Research, 43(2).
  • Li, Q. and Reuveny, R. (2006). Democracy and environmental degradation. International Studies Quarterly, 50(4).
  • Neumayer, E. (2006). Do international human rights treaties improve respect for human rights? In Voigt, editor, International Conflict Resolution.
  • Pickering, J. and Kisangani, E. E. (2006). Political, economic, and social consequences of foreign military intervention. Political Research Quarterly, 59(3).
  • Poe, S. C., Rost, N., and Carey, S. C. (2006). Assessing risk and opportunity in conflict studies - A human rights analysis. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 50(4).
  • Pollin, R. and Zhu, A. (2006). Inflation and economic growth: a cross-country nonlinear analysis. Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, 28(4).
  • Restrepo, J. A., Spagat, M., and Vargas, J. F. (2006). The severity of the Colombian conflict: Cross-country datasets versus new micro-data. Journal of Peace Research, 43(1).
  • Ross, M. (2006). A closer look at oil, diamonds, and civil war. Annual Review of Political Science, 9.
  • Salehyan, I. and Gleditsch, K. S. (2006). Refugees and the spread of civil war. International Organization, 60(2).
  • Sambunjak, D. and Ivanis, A. (2006). Survive, help, learn: Experience of a medical journal in war and post-war times. Journal of Public Health Policy, 27(2).
  • Silwal, R. C., Jimba, M., Poudyal, A. K., Poudel, K. C., and Wakai, S. (2006). Improving immunization services under the armed conflict in rural Nepal. Public Health, 120(9).
  • Thyne, C. L. (2006a). ABC’s, 123’s, and the Golden Rule: The pacifying effect of education on Civil War, 1980-1999. International Studies Quarterly, 50(4).
  • Thyne, C. L. (2006b). Cheap signals with costly consequences - The effect of interstate relations on Civil War. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 50(6).
  • Urdal, H. (2006). A clash of generations? Youth bulges and political violence. International Studies Quarterly, 50(3).
  • Walter, B. F. (2006). Information, uncertainty, and the decision to secede. International Organization, 60(1).
  • Wimmer, A. and Min, B. (2006). From empire to nation-state: Explaining wars in the modern world, 1816-2001. American Sociological Review, 71(6). 

2005


  • Lacina, B. and Gleditsch, N. P. (2005). Monitoring trends in global combat: A new dataset of battle deaths. European Journal of Population-Revue Europeenne de Demographie, 21(2-3).
  • Lujala, P., Gleditsch, N. P., and Gilmore, E. (2005). A diamond curse? Civil war and a lootable resource. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 49(4).
  • Martin, A. (2005). Environmental conflict between refugee and host communities. Journal of Peace Research, 42(3).
  • Sorli, M. E., Gleditsch, N. P., and Strand, H. (2005). Why is there so much conflict in the Middle East? Journal of Conflict Resolution, 49(1).

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Latest News

The UCDP’s latest data on armed conflicts in 2013 now released

The data on armed conflicts 1946-2013 will be presented in an article by Lotta Themnér and Peter Wallensteen in the July issue of Journal of Peace Research (JPR).

Press release (in Swedish)

Press release (in English)

UCDP/PRIO Armed Conflict Dataset v.4-2014, 1946 – 2013

UCDP Dyadic Dataset v. 1-2014, 1946 - 2013

UCDP Battle-Related Deaths Dataset v.5-2014, 1989-2013

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