About UCDP

The Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) has recorded ongoing violent conflicts since the 1970s. The data provided is one of the most accurate and well-used data-sources on global armed conflicts and its definition of armed conflict is becoming a standard in how conflicts are systematically defined and studied.

More about UCDP

Contact UCDP

Lecture on Peace Research by Peter Wallensteen

The Department has recorded a lecture on the origins and developments of peace research globally and at Uppsala University with Professor Peter Wallensteen.

Watch the lecture.

Publications using UCDP data

Below follows a listing of papers that have used various versions of UCDP data. Note that the list is not complete. For 2012-2014 a selection of publications using the UCDP-GED (Africa) and UCDP-GED (Asia) beta is listed.

2014 l 20132012 l 2010 l 2009 l 2008 l 2007 l 2006 l 2005 


  • Basedau, Matthias; Pierskalla, Jan Henryk (2014) How ethnicity conditions the effect of oil and gas on civil conflict: A spatial analysis of Africa from 1990 to 2010. Political Geography, Volume: 38, Pages: 1-11 
  • Eck, Kristine  (2014) The law of the land Communal conflict and legal authority. Journal of Peace Research Vol. 51(4) 441–454
  • Fjelde, Hanne & Gudrun Østby (2014) Socioeconomic Inequality and Communal Conflict: A Disaggregated Analysis of Sub-Saharan Africa, 1990–2008, International Interactions: Empirical and Theoretical Research in International Relations
  • Greig  J. Michael (2014) Rebels at the Gates: Civil War Battle Locations, Movement, and Openings for Diplomacy. International Studies Quarterly 1–14
  • Hodler, Roland Paul A. Raschky (2014) Economic shocks and civil conflict at the regional level. Economics Letters http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.econlet.2014.07.027
  • Reed M. Wood and Jacob D. Kathman (2014). Too Much of a Bad Thing? Civilian Victimization and Bargaining in Civil War. British Journal of Political Science, 44, pp 685-706 doi:10.1017
  • Reed M. Wood and Jacob D. Kathman (2014) Stopping the Killing During the “Peace”: Peacekeeping and the Severity of Postconflict Civilian Victimization. Foreign Policy Analysis 1-21


  • Sundberg, Ralph; Melander, Erik (2013) Introducing the UCDP Georeferenced Event Dataset. Journal of Peace Research, Volume: 50, Issue: 4, Pages: 523-532
  • Fjelde, Hanne and Lisa Hultman (2013) Weakening the Enemy: A Disaggregated Study of Violence against Civilians in Africa. Journal of Conflict Resolution, published online 25 June 2013
  • Koos, Carlo & Matthias Basedau (2013) Does Uranium Mining Increase Civil Conflict Risk? Evidence from a Spatiotemporal Analysis of Africa from 1960 to 2008. Civil Wars, 15:3, 306-331, DOI: 10.1080/13698249.2013.842744
  • Kreutz, Joakim and Johan Brosché (2013) A responsibility to talk: mediation and violence against civilians, Canadian Foreign Policy Journal, 19:1, 26-38
  • Pierskalla, Jan H. and Florian M. Hollenbach (2013) Technology and Collective Action: The Effect of Cell Phone Coverage on Political Violence in Africa, American Political Science Review
  • Tiernay, Michael (2013) Killing Kony: Leadership Change and Civil War Termination. Journal of Conflict Resolution 1-32


  • Eck, Kristine  (2012) In data we trust? A comparison of UCDP GED and ACLED conflict events datasets. Cooperation and Conflict, Volume: 47, Issue: 1, Pages: 124-141
  • Fjelde, Hanne and, Nina von Uexkull (2012) Climate triggers: Rainfall anomalies, vulnerability and communal conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa, Political Geography Volume 31, Issue 7
  • Kreutz, Joakim (2012) From Tremors to Talks: Do Natural Disasters Produce Ripe Moments for Resolving Separatist Conflicts? International Interactions, Volume 38, Issue 4, 2012
  • Hultman, Lisa (2012) COIN and civilian collaterals: patterns of violence in Afghanistan, 2004–2009. Small Wars & Insurgencies 23:2, 245-263
  • Hultman, Lisa (2012) Military offensives in Afghanistan: A double-edged sword. International Area Studies Review 2012 15: 230


  • Ali, H. E. and Lin, E. S. (2010). Wars, Food cost and countervailing policies: A panel data approach. Food Policy, 35(5).
  • Atkinson, C. (2010). Does Soft Power Matter? A Comparative Analysis of Student Exchange Programs 1980-2006. Foreign Policy Analysis, 6(1).
  • Baas, D. (2010). Approaches and challenges to political risk assessment: The view from Export Development Canada. Risk Management-An International Journal, 12(2).
  • Bearce, D. H. and Tirone, D. C. (2010). Foreign Aid Effectiveness and the Strategic Goals of Donor Governments. Journal of Politics, 72(3).
  • Blattman, C. and Miguel, E. (2010). Civil War. Journal of Economic Literature, 48(1).
  • Bogaards, M. (2010). Measures of Democratization: From Degree to Type to War. Political Research Quarterly, 63(2).
  • Bozzoli, C., Brueck, T., and Sottsas, S. (2010). A Survey Of The Global Economic Costs Of Conflict. Defence and Peace Economics, 21(2).
  • Braithwaite, A. (2010a). MIDLOC: Introducing the Militarized Interstate Dispute Location dataset. Journal of Peace Research, 47(1).
  • Braithwaite, A. (2010b). Resisting infection: How state capacity conditions conflict contagion. Journal of Peace Research, 47(3).
  • Buhaug, H. (2010a). Climate not to blame for African civil wars. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(38).
  • Buhaug, H. (2010b). Dude, Where’s My Conflict? LSG, Relative Strength, and the Location of Civil War. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 27(2).
  • Burson, B. (2010). Environmentally Induced Displacement and the 1951 Refugee Convention: Pathways to Recognition. In Afifi, editor, Environment, Forced Migration and Social Vulnerability.
  • Carey, S. C. (2010). The Use of Repression as a Response to Domestic Dissent. Political Studies, 58(1).
  • Carlton-Ford, S. (2010). Major Armed Conflicts, Militarization, and Life Chances: A Pooled Time-Series Analysis. Armed Forces & Society, 36(5).
  • Carlton-Ford, S. and Boop, D. (2010). Civil War and Life Chances A Multinational Study. International Sociology, 25(1).
  • Caruso, R. (2010). Butter, Guns and Ice-Cream Theory and Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa. Defence and Peace Economics, 21(3).
  • Cederman, L.-E., Hug, S., and Krebs, L. F. (2010a). Democratization and civil war: Empirical evidence. Journal of Peace Research, 47(4).
  • Cederman, L.-E., Wimmer, A., and Min, B. (2010b). Why Do Ethnic Groups Rebel? New Data and Analysis. World Politics, 62(1).
  • Chenoweth, E. (2010). Democratic Competition and Terrorist Activity. Journal of Politics, 72(1).
  • Choi, S.-W. (2010). Fighting Terrorism through the Rule of Law? Journal of Conflict Resolution, 54(6).
  • Christiansen, L., Prati, A., Ricci, L. A., Tressel, T., Coeurdacier, N., and Klein, M. W. (2010). External Balance in Low-Income Countries. In Reichlin, editor, Nber International Seminar On Macroeconomics 2009, volume 6 of NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics.
  • Conrad, C. R. and Moore, W. H. (2010). What Stops the Torture? American Journal of Political Science, 54(2).
  • Cunningham, D. E. (2010). Blocking resolution: How external states can prolong civil wars. Journal of Peace Research, 47(2).
  • Dancy, G. (2010). Impact Assessment, Not Evaluation: Defining a Limited Role for Positivism in the Study of Transitional Justice. International Journal of Transitional Justice, 4(3, Sp. Iss. SI).
  • De Groot, O. J. (2010). The Spillover Effects of Conflict on Economic Growth in Neighbouring Countries in Africa. Defence and Peace Economics, 21(2).
  • Di John, J. (2010). Conceptualizing the Causes and Consequences of Failed States: A Critical Review of the Literature. Revista de Estudios Sociales, (37).
  • Fasel, R. and Spini, D. (2010). Effects of Victimization on the Belief in a Just World in Four Ex-Yugoslavian Countries. Social Justice Research, 23(1).
  • Gizelis, T.-I. and Wooden, A. E. (2010). Water resources, institutions, & intrastate conflict. Political Geography, 29(8).
  • Gleditsch, K. S. and Ruggeri, A. (2010). Political opportunity structures, democracy, and civil war. Journal of Peace Research, 47(3).
  • Gregory, D. (2010). War and peace. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 35(2).
  • Hayo, B. and Voigt, S. (2010). Determinants of constitutional change: Why do countries change their form of government? Journal of Comparative Economics, 38 (3, Sp. Iss. SI).
  • Heupel, M. and Zangl, B. (2010). On the transformation of warfare: a plausibility probe of the new war thesis. Journal of International Relations and Development, 13(1).
  • Hill, D. W. (2010). Estimating the Effects of Human Rights Treaties on State Behavior. Journal of Politics, 72(4).
  • Hoffman, A. M. (2010). Voice and silence: Why groups take credit for acts of terror. Journal of Peace Research, 47(5).
  • Hug, S. (2010). The Effect of Misclassifications in Probit Models: Monte Carlo Simulations and Applications. Political Analysis, 18(1).
  • Huibregtse, A. (2010). External Intervention in Ethnic Conflict. International Interactions, 36(3).
  • Johnson, S., Ostry, J. D., and Subramanian, A. (2010). Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa: Benchmarking the Constraints. IMF Staff Papers, 57(1).
  • Kalyvas, S. N. and Balcells, L. (2010). International System and Technologies of Rebellion: How the End of the Cold War Shaped Internal Conflict. American Political Science Review, 104(3).
  • Kathman, J. D. (2010). Civil War Contagion and Neighboring Interventions. International Studies Quarterly, 54(4).
  • Kim, D.-H. and Trumbore, P. F. (2010). Transnational mergers and acquisitions: The impact of FDI on human rights, 1981-2006. Journal of Peace Research, 47(6).
  • Kirschner, S. A. (2010). Knowing Your Enemy: Information and Commitment Problems in Civil Wars. Journal Of Conflict Resolution, 54(5).
  • Kivimaki, T. (2010). East Asian relative peace - does it exist? What is it? Pacific Review, 23(4).
  • Letendre, K., Fincher, C. L., and Thornhill, R. (2010). Does infectious disease cause global variation in the frequency of intrastate armed conflict and civil war? Biological Reviews, 85(3).
  • Licht, A. A. (2010). Coming into Money: The Impact of Foreign Aid on Leader Survival. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 54(1).
  • Lujala, P. (2010). The spoils of nature: Armed civil conflict and rebel access to natural resources. Journal of Peace Research, 47(1).
  • Mattes, M. and Savun, B. (2010). Information, Agreement Design, and the Durability of Civil War Settlements. American Journal of Political Science, 54(2).
  • McLauchlin, T. (2010). Loyalty Strategies and Military Defection in Rebellion. Comparative Politics, 42(3).
  • Meernik, J. D., Nichols, A., and King, K. L. (2010). The Impact of International Tribunals and Domestic Trials on Peace and Human Rights After Civil War. International Studies Perspectives, 11(4).
  • Murdie, A. and Davis, D. R. (2010). Problematic Potential: The Human Rights Consequences of Peacekeeping Interventions in Civil Wars. Human Rights Quarterly, 32(1).
  • Neumayer, E. (2010). Visa Restrictions and Bilateral Travel. Professional Geographer, 62(2).
  • Obermeyer, Z., Rajaratnam, J. K., Park, C. H., Gakidou, E., Hogan, M. C., Lopez, A. D., and Murray, C. J. L. (2010). Measuring Adult Mortality Using Sibling Survival: A New Analytical Method and New Results for 44 Countries, 1974-2006. Plos Medicine, 7(4).
  • Olsen, T. D., Payne, L. A., and Reiter, A. G. (2010). Transitional justice in the world, 1970-2007: Insights from a new dataset. Journal Of Peace Research, 47(6).
  • Perkins, R. and Neumayer, E. (2010). The organized hypocrisy of ethical foreign policy: Human rights, democracy and Western arms sales. Geoforum, 41(2, Sp. Iss. SI).
  • Plumper, T. and Neumayer, E. (2010). The Level of Democracy during Interregnum Periods: Recoding the polity2 Score. Political Analysis, 18(2).
  • Prichard, W. and Leonard, D. K. (2010). Does reliance on tax revenue build state capacity in sub-Saharan Africa? International Review of Administrative Sciences, 76(4).
  • Reuveny, R., Mihalache-O’Keef, A. S., and Li, Q. (2010). The effect of warfare on the environment. Journal of Peace Research, 47(6).
  • Robison, K. K. (2010a). Terror’s True Nightmare? Reevaluating the Consequences of Terrorism on Democratic Governance. Terrorism and Political Violence, 22(1).
  • Robison, K. K. (2010b). Unpacking the Social Origins of Terrorism: The Role of Women’s Empowerment in Reducing Terrorism. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 33(8).
  • Robison, K. K. and Crenshaw, E. M. (2010). Reevaluating the Global Digital Divide: Socio-Demographic and Conflict Barriers to the Internet Revolution. Sociological Inquiry, 80(1).
  • Rosenfeld, F. (2010). Collective reparation for victims of armed conflict. International Review of the Red Cross, 92(879).
  • Rubenstein, L. S. and Bittle, M. D. (2010). Responsibility for protection of medical workers and facilities in armed conflict. Lancet, 375(9711).
  • Raleigh, C., Linke, A., Hegre, H., and Karlsen, J. (2010). Introducing ACLED: An Armed Conflict Location and Event Dataset. Journal of Peace Research, 47(5).
  • Salehyan, I. (2010). The Delegation of War to Rebel Organizations. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 54(3).
  • Schultz, K. A. (2010). The Enforcement Problem in Coercive Bargaining: Interstate Conflict over Rebel Support in Civil Wars. International Organization, 64(2).
  • Sobek, D. and Payne, C. L. (2010). A Tale of Two Types: Rebel Goals and the Onset of Civil Wars1. International Studies Quarterly, 54(1).
  • van Niekerk, B. and Maharaj, M. (2010). Information as a Strategic Asset in an Asymmetric Unconventional Conflict. In Brown, I, editor, Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Management and Evaluation.
  • Walsh, J. I. and Piazza, J. A. (2010). Why Respecting Physical Integrity Rights Reduces Terrorism. Comparative Political Studies, 43(5).
  • Weidmann, N. B., Kuse, D., and Gleditsch, K. S. (2010). The Geography of the International System: The CShapes Dataset. International Interactions, 36(1).
  • Winters, M. S. (2010). CHOOSING TO TARGET What Types of Countries Get Different Types of World Bank Projects. World Politics, 62(3).
  • Wood, R. M. (2010). Rebel capability and strategic violence against civilians. Journal of Peace Research, 47(5). 

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  • Abouharb, M. R. and Cingranelli, D. L. (2009). IMF programs and human rights, 1981-2003. Review of International Organizations, 4(1).
  • Achvarina, V., Nordas, R., Ostby, G., and Rustad, S. A. (2009). Poverty and Child Soldier Recruitment: A Disaggregated Study of African Regions. Politische Vierteljahresschrift, (Sp. Iss. 43).
  • Akdede, S. H. and Ogus, A. (2009). Death as a measure of duration of a conflict. Defence and Peace Economics, 20(6).
  • Akkerman, T. (2009). New Wars, New Morality? Acta Politica, 44(1).
  • Armstrong, D. A. (2009). Measuring the democracy-repression nexus. Electoral Studies, 28(3).
  • Azemar, C. and Desbordes, R. (2009). Public Governance, Health and Foreign Direct Investment in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of African Economies, 18(4).
  • Basedau, M. and Lay, J. (2009). Resource Curse or Rentier Peace? The Ambiguous Effects of Oil Wealth and Oil Dependence on Violent Conflict. Journal of Peace Research, 46(6).
  • Beardsley, K. (2009). Intervention Without Leverage: Explaining the Prevalence of Weak Mediators. International Interactions, 35(3).
  • Boucekkine, R., Desbordes, R., and Latzer, H. (2009). How do epidemics induce behavioral changes? Journal of Economic Growth, 14(3).
  • Brunnschweiler, C. N. and Bulte, E. H. (2009). Natural resources and violent conflict: resource abundance, dependence, and the onset of civil wars. Oxford Economic Papers-New Series, 61(4).
  • Buhaug, H., Gates, S., and Lujala, P. (2009b). Geography, Rebel Capability, and the Duration of Civil Conflict. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 53(4).
  • Bundervoet, T., Verwimp, P., and Akresh, R. (2009). Health and Civil War in Rural Burundi. Journal of Human Resources, 44(2).
  • Burke, M. B., Miguel, E., Satyanath, S., Dykema, J. A., and Lobell, D. B. (2009). Warming increases the risk of civil war in Africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(49).
  • Bussmann, M. (2009). Sticks or Carrots? State Capacity and Civil Wars. Politische Vierteljahresschrift, (Sp. Iss. 43).
  • Bussmann, M., Hasenclever, A., and Schneider, G. (2009). Identity, institutions and economy: causes and apparent causes of internal political violence. Politische Vierteljahresschrift, (Sp. Iss. 43).
  • Butler, C. and Gates, S. (2009). Asymmetry, Parity, and (Civil) War: Can International Theories of Power Help Us Understand Civil War? International Interactions, 35(3).
  • Cederman, L.-E., Buhaug, H., and Rod, J. K. (2009a). Ethno- Nationalist Dyads and Civil War A GIS-Based Analysis. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 53(4).
  • Cederman, L.-E., Girardin, L., and Gleditsch, K. S. (2009b). Ethnonationalist Triads. Assessing the Influence of Kin Groups on Civil Wars. World Politics, 61(3).
  • Clasen, S. and Zwingel, S. (2009). Gender Orders and the Escalation of Violence. Politische Vierteljahresschrift, (Sp. Iss. 43).
  • Collier, P., Hoeffler, A., and Rohner, D. (2009). Beyond greed and grievance: feasibility and civil war. Oxford Economic Papers-New Series, 61(1).
  • Cunningham, D. E., Gleditsch, K. S., and Salehyan, I. (2009). It Takes Two A Dyadic Analysis of Civil War Duration and Outcome. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 53(4).
  • de Ree, J. and Nillesen, E. (2009). Aiding violence or peace? The impact of foreign aid on the risk of civil conflict in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Development Economics, 88(2).
  • de Soysa, I. (2009). Hell is Other People? Social Fractionalization and State Repression, 1980-2004. Politische Vierteljahresschrift, (Sp. Iss. 43).
  • de Soysa, I., Jackson, T., and Ormhaug, C. (2009). Does Globalization Profit the Small Arms Bazaar? International Interactions, 35(1).
  • Devkota, B. and van Teijlingen, E. R. (2009). Politicians in Apron: Case Study of Rebel Health Services in Nepal. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 21(4).
  • Dixon, J. (2009). What Causes Civil Wars? Integrating Quantitative Research Findings. International Studies Review, 11(4).
  • Dorussen, H. (2009). Economic and Political Coercion in Ethno-Political Conflict. Politische Vierteljahresschrift, (Sp. Iss. 43).
  • Eriksen, S. and de Soysa, I. (2009). A Fate Worse Than Debt? International Financial Institutions and Human Rights, 1981-2003. Journal of Peace Research, 46(4).
  • Flint, C. and Radil, S. M. (2009). Terrorism and Counter- Terrorism: Situating al-Qaeda and the Global War on Terror within Geopolitical Trends and Structures. Eurasian Geography and Economics, 50(2).
  • Fuhrmann, M. and Tir, J. (2009). Territorial Dimensions of Enduring Internal Rivalries. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 26(4).
  • Fukuda-Parr, S., Lawson-Remer, T., and Randolph, S. (2009). An Index of Economic and Social Rights Fulfillment: Concept and Methodology. Journal of Human Rights, 8(3).
  • Gizelis, T.-I. (2009). Wealth alone does not buy health: Political capacity, democracy, and the spread of AIDS. Political Geography, 28(2).
  • Green, S. T., Small, M., and Casman, E. A. (2009). Determinants of National Diarrheal Disease Burden. Environmental Science & Technology, 43(4).
  • Hanson, T., Brooks, T. M., Da Fonseca, G. A. B., Hoffmann, M., Lamoreux, J. F., Machlis, G., Mittermeier, C. G., Mittermeier, R. A., and Pilgrim, J. D. (2009). Warfare in Biodiversity Hotspots. Conservation Biology, 23(3).
  • Jensen, P. S. and Gleditsch, K. S. (2009). Rain, Growth, and Civil War: The Importance of Location. Defence and Peace Economics, 20(5).
  • Jones, B. F. and Olken, B. A. (2009). Hit or Miss? The Effect of Assassinations on Institutions and War. American Economic Journal of Macroeconomics, 1(2).
  • Jong-A-Pin, R. (2009). On the measurement of political instability and its impact on economic growth. European Journal of Political Economy, 25(1).
  • Lebovic, J. H. and Voeten, E. (2009). The Cost of Shame: International Organizations and Foreign Aid in the Punishing of Human Rights Violators. Journal of Peace Research, 46(1).
  • Lektzian, D. and Souva, M. (2009). A Comparative Theory Test of Democratic Peace Arguments, 1946-2000. Journal of Peace Research, 46(1).
  • Lujala, P. (2009). Deadly Combat over Natural Resources Gems, Petroleum, Drugs, and the Severity of Armed Civil Conflict. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 53(1).
  • Lyall, J. and Wilson, I. (2009). Rage Against the Machines: Explaining Outcomes in Counterinsurgency Wars. International Organization, 63(1).
  • Mattes, M. and Savun, B. (2009). Fostering Peace After Civil War: Commitment Problems and Agreement Design. International Studies Quarterly, 53(3).
  • Mueller, J. (2009). War Has Almost Ceased to Exist: An Assessment. Political Science Quarterly, 124(2).
  • Neumayer, E. (2009). A New Moral Hazard? Military Intervention, Peacekeeping and Ratification of the International Criminal Court. Journal of Peace Research, 46(5).
  • Neumayer, E. and Pluemper, T. (2009). International Terrorism and the Clash of Civilizations. British Journal of Political Science, 39(Part 4).
  • Ostby, G., Nordas, R., and Rod, J. K. (2009). Regional Inequalities and Civil Conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Studies Quarterly, 53(2).
  • Piazza, J. A. and Walsh, J. I. (2009). Transnational Terror and Human Rights. International Studies Quarterly, 53(1).
  • Plumper, T. and Neumayer, E. (2009). Famine Mortality, Rational Political Inactivity, and International Food Aid. World Development, 37(1).
  • Raleigh, C. and Hegre, H. (2009). Population size, concentration, and civil war. A geographically disaggregated analysis. Political Geography, 28(4).
  • Romero-Avila, D. (2009). Multiple Breaks, Terms of Trade Shocks and the Unit-Root Hypothesis for African Per Capita Real GDP. World Development, 37(6).
  • Sambanis, N. and Schulhofer-Wohl, J. (2009). What’s in a Line? Is Partition a Solution to Civil War? International Security, 34(2).
  • Sanchez-Cuenca, I. (2009). Revolutionary Dreams and Terrorist Violence in the Developed World: Explaining Country Variation. Journal of Peace Research, 46(5).
  • Savun, B. and Phillips, B. J. (2009). Democracy, Foreign Policy, and Terrorism. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 53(6).
  • Sullivan, P. L. and Koch, M. T. (2009). Military Intervention by Powerful States, 1945-2003. Journal of Peace Research, 46(5).
  • Tonnesson, S. (2009). What is it that Best Explains the East Asian Peace since 1979? A Call for a Research Agenda. Asian Perspective, 33(1).
  • Weidmann, N. B. (2009). Geography as Motivation and Opportunity Group Concentration and Ethnic Conflict. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 53(4).
  • Werker, E., Ahmed, F. Z., and Cohen, C. (2009). How Is Foreign Aid Spent? Evidence from a Natural Experiment. American Economic Journal of Macroeconomics, 1(2).
  • Whitten-Woodring, J. (2009). Watchdog or Lapdog? Media Freedom, Regime Type, and Government Respect for Human Rights. International Studies Quarterly, 53(3).
  • Wiesehomeier, N., Schneider, G., and Braun, C.-S. (2009). The Compatibility of the Incompatible? Economic Factors and Identity as Common Causes of Civil War. Politische Vierteljahresschrift, (Sp. Iss. 43).
  • Wimmer, A., Cederman, L.-E., and Min, B. (2009a). Ethnic Politics and Armed Conflict: A Configurational Analysis of a New Global Data Set. American Sociological Review, 74(2).
  • Wimmer, A., Cederman, L.-E., and Min, B. (2009b). Ethnic Politics and Armed Conflict. A Configurational Analysis of a New Global Dataset. Politische Vierteljahresschrift, (Sp. Iss. 43).
  • Wimmer, A. and Min, B. (2009). The Location and Purpose of Wars Around the World: A New Global Dataset, 1816-2001. International Interactions, 35(4).
  • Wright, J. (2009). How Foreign Aid Can Foster Democratization in Authoritarian Regimes. American Journal of Political Science, 53(3). 

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  • Adam, C., Collier, P., and Davies, V. A. B. (2008). Postconflict monetary reconstruction. World Bank Economic Review, 22(1).
  • Alvarez-Plata, P. and Brueck, T. (2008). External debt in post-conflict countries. World Development, 36(3).
  • Bae, S. H. and Ott, A. F. (2008). Predatory behavior of governments: The case of mass killing. Defence and Peace Economics, 19(2).
  • Balla, E. and Reinhardt, G. Y. (2008). Giving and Receiving Foreign Aid: Does Conflict Count? World Development, 36(12).
  • Bohara, A. K., Mitchell, N. J., Nepal, M., and Raheem, N. (2008). Human rights violations, corruption, and the policy of repression. Policy Studies Journal, 36(1).
  • Buhaug, H., Cederman, L.-E., and Rod, J. K. (2008). Disaggregating ethno-nationalist civil wars: A dyadic test of exclusion theory. International Organization, 62(3).
  • Buhaug, H. and Gleditsch, K. S. (2008). Contagion or confusion? Why conflicts cluster in space. International Studies Quarterly, 52(2).
  • Chapman, T. L. (2008). Unraveling the ties between civic institutions and attitudes toward political violence. International Studies Quarterly, 52(3).
  • Collier, P., Hoeffler, A., and Soderbom, M. (2008). Post-conflict risks. Journal of Peace Research, 45(4).
  • Davies, V. A. B. (2008). Postwar capital flight and inflation. Journal of Peace Research, 45(4).
  • De Soysa, I. and Neumayer, E. (2008). Disarming fears of diversity: Ethnic heterogeneity and state militarization, 1988-2002. Journal of Peace Research, 45(4).
  • DeRouen, K. R. and Bercovitch, J. (2008). Enduring internal rivalries: A new framework for the study of civil war. Journal of Peace Research, 45(1).
  • Elbadawi, I. and Hegre, H. (2008). Globalization, economic shocks, and internal armed conflict. Defence and Peace Economics, 19(1).
  • Elbadawi, I., Hegre, H., and Milante, G. J. (2008). The aftermath of Civil War. Journal of Peace Research, 45(4).
  • Forsberg, Erika (2008). Polarization and Ethnic Conflict in a Widened Strategic Setting, Journal of Peace Research 45(2).
  • Gent, S. E. (2008). Going in When it Counts: Military Intervention and the Outcome of Civil Conflicts. International Studies Quarterly, 52(4).
  • Gilligan, M. J. and Sergenti, E. J. (2008). Do UN Interventions Cause Peace? Using Matching to Improve Causal Inference. Quarterly Journal of Political Science, 3(2).
  • Gleditsch, K. S., Salehyan, I., and Schultz, K. (2008). Fighting at home, fighting abroad - How civil wars lead to international disputes. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 52(4).
  • Gleditsch, N. P. (2008). The Liberal Moment Fifteen Years On. International Studies Quarterly, 52(4).
  • Gurses, M., Rost, N., and McLeod, P. (2008). Mediating civil war settlements and the duration of peace. International Interactions, 34(2).
  • Jensen, N. M. and Young, D. J. (2008). A violent future? Political risk insurance markets and violence forecasts. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 52(4).
  • Jones, B. F. and Olken, B. A. (2008). The anatomy of start-stop growth. Review of Economics And Statistics, 90(3).
  • Kivimaki, T. (2008). Power, interest or culture - is there a paradigm that explains ASEAN’s political role best? Pacific Review, 21(4).
  • Lektzian, D. and Prins, B. C. (2008). Taming the leviathan: Examining the impact of external threat on state capacity. Journal of Peace Research, 45(5).
  • Long, A. G. (2008). Bilateral trade in the shadow of armed conflict. International Studies Quarterly, 52(1).
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Organized violence 2014


“Organized Violence in the World 2015. An Assessment by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program”

In June, UCDP reported that the number of fatalities in armed conflict has increased substantially in recent years, and that 2014 was the most lethal year since the end of the Cold War for this category of violence. New data show that also the other two types of violence analyzed by the UCDP – conflict between non-state actors and violence targeting civilians – increased substantially in 2014.

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