Causes of Peace – The Botswana, Zambia and Malawi “Zone of Peace”
- Kristine Höglund, Professor
- 2014 – ongoing
Other Project Participants
- Johan Brosché, Assistant Professor
Africa is the world’s most conflict-affected region with one third of all inter- and intra-state conflicts since 1946 taking place on the continent. Moreover, since the end of the Cold War Africa has experienced 75% of the world’s conflicts between non-state groups and 90% of all fatalities in violence against civilians (www.ucdp.uu.se). This bleak picture is not all-embracing, however. Surrounded by seven neighbours plagued by conflicts, Botswana, Malawi and Zambia constitute a ‘Zone of Peace’ spared from violent conflict since they gained independence half a decade ago.
This project studies the causes of peace in Botswana, Malawi and Zambia. It is based on an understanding of peace as a function of case-specific factors as well as general risk-reducing conditions. It seeks to understand the forms of peace which has emerged in each of the countries and identifies factors at both the domestic, regional and international level. The findings from the project are relevant for understanding conflict prevention and the conditions underpinning durable peace.
- Brosché, Johan, Hanne Fjelde, and Kristine Höglund, 2020. “Electoral Violence and the Legacy of Authoritarian Rule in Kenya and Zambia.” Journal of Peace Research 57(1)
- Brosché, Johan, and Kristine Höglund. Peace in Africa. Book manuscript in progress.
- Brosché, Johan, Hanne Fjelde, and Kristine Höglund, 2020. “How History Explains Election Violence: Kenya and Zambia Tell the Story.” The Conversation, February 17.
- Brosché, Johan ”Half a Century of Peace in Botswana” Dumela 4/2017
- Calissendorff, Love, Johan Brosché, and Kristine Höglund, 2017. “Zambia Eroding: Four Ongoing Trends to Be Worried About.” African Arguments, October 19.
- Brosché, Johan, Kristine Höglund, & Sebastian van Baalen, 2017. ”Jasaffären i Botswana strider mot Sveriges mål” Svenska Dagbladet, March 23. Updated and republished in Mänsklig säkerhet, June 20.
- Johan Brosché & Kristine Höglund, 2017. “A “Zone of Peace” in Southern Africa: Exploring the Causes of Peace." Peace News, March 11.
- Johan Brosché and Kristine Höglund, 2016. ”Hur ska vi förstå det fredliga Malawi?” (How Should We Understand Malawi’s Peace?). Mänsklig säkerhet (Human Security), published online 2016-02-12.
- Brosché, Johan and Kristine Höglund, 2015. "The Diversity of Peace in Africa." In SIPRI Yearbook 2015. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Höglund, Kristine, and Mimmi Söderberg Kovacs, 2010. “Beyond the Absence of War: The Diversity of Peace in Post-Settlement Societies.” Review of International Studies 36(2): 367-90.
- Opitz Christian, Hanne Fjelde, and Kristine Höglund, 2013. “Including Peace: The Influence of Electoral Management Bodies on Electoral Violence.” Journal of Eastern African Studies (7)4: 713-731.
- Brosché Johan, and Maria Nilsson, 2005. “Zambian Refugee Policy – Security, Repatriation and Local Integration” Minor Field Study No.24. Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University.
Main Financial Support
- Vetenskapsrådet, U-FORSK (The Swedish Research Council), 2014-2018